Home air purifiers are becoming more popular, partially as a result of rising worries about air quality. Despite the fact that your home is meant to give shelter, many of us are spending far more time indoors than previous generations. As a result, you may be exposed to more indoor particles and contaminants, which can cause or worsen lung ailments.
Indoor air can be five times as contaminated as outdoor air, according to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Because interior air is not as well circulated as outdoor air, many airborne contaminants thrive inside.
Air purifiers can help to refresh stale air, lowering the risk of health problems caused by indoor pollution, which can cause respiratory infections, neurological difficulties, and exacerbate asthma symptoms. Air purifiers of high quality remove a variety of indoor air pollutants, keeping us healthy.
How air purifiers work
Air purifiers essentially clean the air, which may contain pollutants, allergies, and toxins. Essential oil diffusers and humidifiers, which add particles to indoor air, are the polar opposite of these devices.
Filters and air purifiers work in different ways. Purifiers can also sterilize particles, whereas filters only remove them.
The amount of particles eliminated by an air purifier is determined by the type you select. Filters are used in certain versions to catch particles as air passes through them, while others may neutralize other particles in the air without filtering them first.
Benefits of an Air Purifier
HEPA-technology air purifiers can remove 99.7% of the airborne particulate matter (PM) circulating in your home environment. Removing these contaminants can result in a variety of short- and long-term health benefits, including improved sleep quality and longer life expectancy.
Eliminates Harmful Chemicals from Indoor Environments
Closing our house’s doors and windows do not guarantee we can keep outside contaminants like nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide out. These gases are typically found in high-traffic locations and may find their way into your house.
Exposure to carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide PM, according to the National Library of Medicine, increases the risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
Even if you don’t live in a huge city with a lot of traffic, the pollutants from cleaning products could damage the air in your home. Toxic compounds like ammonia, chlorine, and phthalates are included in many common household cleaners. Small doses of these chemicals may be safe, but repeated exposure can lead to major health problems such as tumors, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and neurological abnormalities.
Neutralizes Unpleasant Odors
At room temperature, some compounds, such as gasoline, benzene, and formaldehyde, decompose and emit an odor. Paints, aerosol sprays, upholstered furniture, and air fresheners all contain these chemicals, which are known as volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The odor of VOCs can make you feel sick, make you short of breath, and even impair your cognitive abilities.
Indoor mold particles, like allergens, can be particularly toxic for those with asthma and other lung disorders. Air purifiers are beneficial to some extent, but filtration is significantly more successful at removing mold from the air.
An air purifier with a HEPA filter, as well as lowering humidity levels in your home, would be ideal.
Types of Air Purifiers
While most air purifiers have HEPA (High-Efficiency Particulate Air) filters, some air purifiers also have activated carbon or UV light filters. A combination of two or three types of filters is used in some technologically advanced air purifiers. We’ll go through the many types of air purifiers and how they function in this section:
HEPA Filters: HEPA filters in air purifiers may catch contaminants as small as 0.3 microns. These microscopic particles are invisible to the naked eye. The tiniest particles we can see are at least 50 to 60 microns in diameter. HEPA filters have even proved to be effective against COVID-19.
Activated carbon filters: Activated carbon filters in air purifiers are good in trapping odors. They are incapable of capturing viruses and germs in the same way that HEPA filters are.
Electrostatic Precipitators: Electrostatic precipitators are air purifiers that employ high voltage electrical energy to charge particles flowing through filters. The germs that have died continue to accumulate on the electrostatic plates. These electrostatic plates must be changed on a regular basis to keep the filter’s efficiency, which increases your maintenance costs. Electrostatic precipitators also produce ozone, a reactive gas that can cause respiratory damage.
Ultraviolet Light Air Purifiers: These air purifiers eliminate microorganisms in the air by emitting UV rays. Some UV light air cleaners produce ozone, so double-check before purchasing.
Ozone Generators: Ozone generators in air purifiers absorb odors. Because the high quantities of ozone emitted by these air purifiers render the room unfit for usage for the next 24 hours, they are widely utilized in hotels. Even low levels of ozone exposure can result in chest discomfort, coughing, and shortness of breath. Long-term exposure harms your lungs and exacerbates respiratory issues.
Other Steps to Improve Indoor Air Quality
Follow some other methods to improve your interior air quality, such as frequent cleaning, cultivating indoor plants, and keeping sufficient ventilation. The actions below can help you improve the quality of your indoor air even more:
- To avoid allergy build-up, vacuum the floor and carpets at least once a week.
- Plants can be grown indoors. They operate as natural air filters, reducing the amount of carbon dioxide in the air.
- Mold and mildew can be prevented by using dehumidifiers.
- Open windows for fresh air when the air purifier is not in operation. Allow cross-ventilation if possible by opening windows on different sides of the room.
- After cooking, turn on the kitchen exhaust fans to dissipate the smoke. The exhaust fan also dries up the air in the bathroom and laundry area, which prevents bacteria and allergens from growing.
Filtering the air Trusted Source may help remove dangerous particles from indoor areas, such as allergies, smoke, and mold, according to research.
Air purifiers, on the other hand, perform best when used in conjunction with adequate filtration and home cleaning practices. An air purifier won’t be able to improve indoor air quality by itself, but it can help.
If you have any underlying health conditions, such as asthma or allergies, talk to your doctor about strategies to manage your symptoms by improving your indoor air quality. Never stop taking any drugs without first consulting your doctor.