Tasbih, which means ‘ablution,’ is an example of a four-step process in Islamic religious education. Tashih is recited in an Islamic prayer and is recited silently or softly, depending on the situation. A person must say Tasbih before he/she takes his seat for worship, just as he would say Surat Al-Fitr. After the prayer is over, the leader may offer a piece of dry fruit to each sitting member of the congregation.
A person who recites tasbih should be attentive to the call of God. The reciter should not miss any call to God because it breaks the connection between him and the Allah. The leader will check to see if the tasbih (round little finger) is in order. Then the leader will make three calls to God, one each to each of the ten organs of the body, with the tasbih being recite in between them. Recite the prayer tasbih slowly and completely, taking one or two deep breaths at the end.
After reciting the tasbih, the leader again inspects the listeners and asks them to stand. Then he says: “God, witness our sincerity to you through the presence of your servants, those who follow you, and your loyal servants whom you have chosen to lead your religion.” Then he says: “We worship you, God, with our whole heart and soul Nanak.”
When the leader says: “O mankind, you are making yourselves known and distinguish because you have chosen Islam as your religion, thus God has blesse you with religious knowledge and wisdom, so recite the tasbih while standing.” The congregation responds: “In front of our Beloved, Lord, who is the protector of all mankind, be our peace and guidance, and sacrifice for you a hundred goats and sheep and give us peace and quietness on this earth.”
Then the leader says: ” recite the salah in a steady and deep voice while bowing from the chair or while standing.” Again the congregation responds: “In front of our Beloved, Lord, be our guide and helper, and for the sake of our Muslim brothers and sisters sacrifice for you a hundred goats and sheep and give us peace and quietness on this earth.” And finally: “O Allah, grant the Muslims whatever is just and right, and raise them up from the dust and give to all those who adhere to the shariah, your religion, a religion which will never change and will never prosper except one who is true to his word and teachings and performs the obligations of his religion, and above all be the protector of all that are dear to you.”
This hadith clearly indicates that the foremost function of the mosques is to instruct and guide the people based on the Sunnah of their beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW), and then perform the duties incumbent upon them in accordance with the directives of God’s word. One is exhort to pray, to enjoin right behavior, to pay salaray (alms), to fast, to contribute to the needs of the poor, to speak well of others and to be modest in spending money.
In order to excel in this task, it is incumbent upon each and every Muslim woman to read the tasbih of her religion, follow the rules and regulation as set by the religious scholars of her community and to submit to the shariah of her religion only. The second most important principle of tasbih is to memorize the verses of the Quran and to recite them in a regular and solemn manner so that the people may attain inner peace. In order to perform all these duties, it is necessary to abide by the principles of tasbih as revealed by the holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW).
The essence of tasbih in Islam is to pray for the good success of every one of us ( Muslims as well as non-muslims) and to also praise the greatness of God, the almighty, the messenger of God, the Qur’an and the sharia as it was established and handed down to us. One example of tasbih in Islam is when the Muslim women of Medina recites the shura in the presence of a scholar from the noble family of the Quraishah. Whoever is present can ask questions and the answers of the ladies but if there is no scholar available then the women can only ask questions in front of their husbands or fathers. This is one example of tasbih as revealed by the holy book.
The second most important principle of tasbih in Islam is to be truthful in all things and to avoid partial truths and lying to spread the truth. There is only one condition of which tasbih is mandatory and that is that the person who asks questions has a right to ask. Telling lies to the face of people is consider as sub naeg (infallible) in Islam and this principle is relate to the hadith. Sub naeg means what is right according to the people of a specific religion. One example of a person being sub naeg is Fatima Al-zafar, a woman who convert to Islam and became a great Islamic scholar.
If anyone wants to know the meaning of tasbih, they can refer to the works of famous Islamic scholars such as Tariq Al-Azhari, Adel Al-Hilali and many others. They will also find explanations of tasbih and how it applies to their practices as Muslims in general. There are other works available on the internet that provide explanations of tasbih and the benefits of reciting 99 names in front of your prayer beads. Anyone can benefit from the guidance provided through tasbih prayer beads.