- It is a rural wage employment program in India. It gives the legal requirement of at minimum 100 days of non-skill work during a fiscal year for households in rural areas with adult members who are willing to do manual work that is untrained at a fix minimum wage amount.
Mahatma Gandhi Nrega:The main goals of the Act Are Below Mention
- To increase the security of the living for the rural poor through the creation of wage-earning opportunities and
- To build a rural asset base that will increase the efficiency of working, and increase and sustain the rural household income.
MGNREGA was initially introduce in the form of National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) in 200 randomly select districts that were deemed backward within India on February 2nd, 2006. This was later extended to 130 districts as of April 1st, 2007. In the following year, the two remaining districts became include beginning on April 1, 2008. It was the National Rural Employment Guarantee (Amendment) Act, 2009 rename NREGA as MGNREGA.
4. Section 4(1) of MGNREGA is the law that regulates the development and implementation of state-specific rural Employment Guarantee Schemes (REGS) in order to apply to the provisions contain in MGNREGA. Section 6(1) gives to the Central Government to specify the wage rates applicable to MGNREGA beneficiaries. In the past the wage rates have been change three times, the most recent was on January 14, 2011, when the minimum wage of 100 rupees. 100 was adjust to inflation.
MGNREGA has a unique position in that it does not just ensuring at minimum 100 days of work for those who are willing to work as unskill labourers as well as making a legally binding commitment to the machinery that implements it, i.e. the State Governments, as well as giving bargaining power to workers. In the event that there is no provision for an employment period within the 15-day period following acceptance of . An application for employment from a household that is . A candidate could be the cause of the cost of unemployment compensation to job applicants.
MGNREGA heavily depends on the active involvement of three-tier decentralized self-government Panchayats, or units.
The panchayats are require to estimate labour demand, identify works and demarcate work sites . Prioritize works, prepare village/block/district level development plans . In advance for the continuous and smooth planning and the execution of this wage employment programme. The Panchayats are accountable for processing registration of job seekers . Issuing jobs cards and receipts for application for work, allocation of jobs, identifying work locations, planning . The allocation and the execution of work as well as the payment of wages. The beginning of social audit transparency and accountability checks at the grassroots level.
The introduction of MGNREGA has affect the structure of wages in rural areas since the minimum wage for agricultural workers . Across States have seen an increase trend between 2006 and. The Act has expand the job options available to agricultural workers in their communities and has affect the movement of rural workers to urban areas.
Budget allocation was around 40,000 to 50000 under this program. The report card for Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) on the 10th anniversary of its operation on February 2, 2016 can be view from the press announcement issue by the Ministry of Rural Development on 1 February 2016.