A five-axis CNC machine is a type of machine that machining solution that is based on the technique. That use of a computer numerical control system center to position or to synchronize a part in 5 different axes that are easy reach of the cutting tools. This configuration is preferred because of the fact that it allows the machine to function. And be machined with three primary axes that are known as X, Y, and Z, sometimes with additional axes that are known as A and B, and C. Due to the high innovation the movements are controlled across every part as the availability across multiple axes, gives the cutting tool flexibility to be used in various directions. Thus, it can reach across multiple axes, even at the negative ones, making exclusive use of standard cutting tools that are being used across a vast region of shapes and dimensions. Selecting the Best five-axis CNC router might be a challenge for those who are not familiar with it.
In this version of the CNC machines, any 3 of the axes can be controlled simultaneously. While the remaining two axes generally are used for the positioning of the piece that is being worked upon. It works in different ways, which are:
These axes named as X, Z, and C can be used together, while the axes called Y and A can be used for positioning.
The axes named Y, Z, and A can be used together. While the axes that are called X and C can be used for positioning.
4 + 1 Axis
The type version of CNC cutting that is known as the 4+1 axis version. It is a type of version that can be controlled simultaneously while one of the axes that I am remaining is used for the positioning. It works in different ways that are:
Using X, Z, A, and C together while the remaining axes are the Y axes remains for the purpose of positioning.
We can also use X, Y, Z, A together, while the remaining C can be used for the purpose of positioning.
Complete 5 Axis Version
Then comes the version that brings the use of all the five versions. Where the three axes that are used are the linear Axis. And the two axes that are being used are the rotational Axis and can be controlled simultaneously. In this type of version, the axes configured in 3 linear axes are called X, Y, and Z. With the two rotational axes that are usually called A and C. The A axis is the tilting axis, while the C axis is considered to be the rotating Axis. In such a setup, there is usually a table that is placed as the surface where the workpiece is mounted.
For a five-axis CNC machining tool that is usually with a trunnion table is a tool that is ideal for the two rotational Axis.
Works over the table surface that turns those tilts towards the operator or away from the operator. Based on the type of model that is being used, there is a wide range of angles that can be used. In general, the machines that provide a wider angle of tilt range between =30 to the right and -110 when it is tilted to the left.
The top surface of the table that is usually mounted rotates in two directions, either clockwise or anti-clockwise, and the rotation can be up to a complete 360 degree that makes a complete circle without going back to the zero position again, allowing the part to be positioned at any rotational position. The three linear axes provide a possibility to position linear movements to the required position and a possibility to position linear movements providing angles to a tilted position.
When do we need a 5 axis CNC Machining tool?
Being known for their characteristics like great flexibility and adaptability, these five-axis machining tools are known to be used for various operations for which these machines can be used. Some of these uses are:
1. For the purpose of cutting, drilling, and the operation that involve tapping operations on all the five axes.
2. They are also used to add more flexibility to the solutions of engineering as the ability to be able to move the part in multiple axes provides engineers with the freedom to design the most difficult shapes and forms.
3. It is also used in cases when you need to where you need high volume -low mix production.
4. These are also ideal to be used when you need to work over complex-shaped workpieces like aerospace, medical, automotive industry, oil, gas, etc.
5. It is also helpful in the case when you need to reduce the lead time and increase efficiency.
6. They are also used in order to improve the quality and precision of your parts.
7. They are also ideal if you want flexibility, production, speed, and precision.